Dog’s Raw Feeding Guide
Prey Model Raw (PMR) Diet
The idea behind the ‘Prey Model’ of feeding a raw diet is that in the wild, a dog would hunt and eat its prey. The average prey animal that would be eaten would consist of 80% meat, 10% bone, 10% offal (5% liver, 5% another secreting organ).
A complete PMR diet follows this 80:10:10 rule.
The most common way of feeding a PMR diet is to feed ‘complete minces’ that include the correct amount of meat, bone and offal. There are raw feeders however who build up to feeding ‘whole prey’. This refers to an entire prey animal, with fur/ feathers/ innards intact. Examples include whole rabbit, duck, day old chicks and quail.
Biologically Appropriate Raw Food (BARF) Diet
Although there is a general consensus amongst raw feeders that a dog’s natural diet would be largely made up of prey… Some people argue that dogs are also scavengers, and in the wild, they would eat fruits/ vegetables that are available to them. A BARF diet consists of 70% meat, 10% bone, 5% liver, 5% other secreting organ, 7% vegetables, 3% fruit.
There are many ‘complete minces’ that contain vegetables already mixed in for convenience. If you choose to add vegetables to your dogs’ diet yourself, it is advantageous to feed them pureed, lightly steamed, or fermented as this will give a ‘kick start’ to the digestion process and ensure the maximum amount of nutrients are absorbed.
Hybrid Raw Diet
A hybrid diet refers to a more flexible diet that lies between the PMR and BARF diet. Some meals will follow the 80:10:10 rule, and some meals will have vegetables and/or fruit added.
Making the Transition
For dogs with sensitive tummies, begin by feeding 75% of their current food with 25% raw and wait until they are stable on this, then move to a 50%/50% mix, again waiting for signs that they are comfortable on this, before progressing to 25%/75%, and then finally 100% raw.
What to Feed
A nice product begin with is Gosforth Bark Chicken and Tripe mince. With 90% meat and 10% bone, this mince lacks offal and is therefore gentler on tummies. Please note that Tripe has an incredibly strong smell, however, has lots of nutritional goodness so perseverance (and nose pegs) may be needed!
Once we are all settled on chicken and tripe, red meats can be introduced. Gosforth Bark duck and tripe, beef and tripe, lamb and tripe are examples of minces that have 90% meat and 10% bone.
The next step is to include secreting organs (offal) into the diet. This is an important step as the majority of vitamins minerals in the diet come from here. The easiest way to this is to through complete minces.
Finally, you are looking to achieve a well-balanced diet that consists of as many protein sources that you can feed. Bones are a great way to provide mental stimulation for your dog. If you choose to add bones into the diet, start small (poultry bones are a good starting point) and make sure that you balance this out with boneless minces (including the 10% offal allowance) so as not to overload with bone. Poos are a good indication as to whether you are getting the balance right. Hard, white, chalky poos suggest too much bone; Feed boneless for a day or two. Soft poos could indicate that more bone is needed, or if they are particularly dark and sloppy, there could be too much offal in the diet so try to reduce this for a short period to see if this helps.
How much to feed your dog
Most adult dogs eat between 2% and 3% of their body weight daily. Most people start at 2.5% however if your dog is not very active or needs to lose weight, feed 2%. If your dog is active or needs to gain weight, feed 3%. Please note that this is a guide, and the actual amount required can differ from dog to dog. It is advised that you monitor your dog’s body condition and increase/ decrease the amount of food given if necessary.
To calculate 2% of your dog’s bodyweight, multiply their weight (kg) by 20. To calculate 2.5% of your dog’s bodyweight, multiply their weight (kg) by 25. To calculate 3% of your dog’s bodyweight, multiply their weight (kg) by 30. The answer will be the amount you feed per day in grams. For example…
|Adult Body Weight||2% (x20)||2.5% (x25)||3% (x30)|